Metropolitan Manila, comprised of 17 cities and municipalities and has an overall population of 12.8 Million and rising.

To make things even more complicated, the entire Greater Manila urban area spills out beyond the boundaries of Metro Manila and is reported to contain around 22.7 million people, which is a quarter of the Philippines’ entire population.

People all over the Philippines hoped for a better future, better education, and better life in general resulting this great density in this city. But in reality, the chances here of success is one in a thousand due to the job competition and “compadre” system which in popular in third world countries. Man power supply is at high numbers while the demand for work is just a handful.

It’s either they get the night shifts or the high risk jobs. Due to the lack of protection of workers’ welfare and rights, The Institute of Occupational Health and Safety Development (IOHSAD) deems construction as one of the deadliest industries for Filipino workers. Since they are paid less than minimum wage, some construction workers resort to living in makeshift houses on the site.

Vast and wildfire growth of urban development is a road to great economic status of Manila, but in exchange of this social economic fleet contributes to our furious change in our climate and temperature in the city as urbanisation requires to wipe hundreds of vegetations to build towers and infrastructures. Concrete, cement, asphalt, and many other construction materials trap heat and resulting in increase in temperature and wind flow disturbance in the city.

Population rate  in the Philippines grows 889,969 Population growth this year and an estimate of 4,100 birth rates per day making complication greater due to lack of family planning and unemployment rates in the slums of Metro Manila.


Urban development and waste management causes calamity to worsen due to poor traffic control and corrupted budget for sewage maintenance all over the metro. Billions of pesos is lost due to horrendous gridlock in the city.

Commuters rush through the flooded streets of the metro to catch the Metro Rail Transit (MRT) train on a work day during the rainy season. The combination of the rush hour, a late-afternoon thunderstorm, and heavy rainfall strikes fear in the hearts of civilians who do not wish to be stranded and trapped again in Makati City, Philippines, a business district that is notorious for hellish traffic.


300 billion pesos from natural disasters and calamities every year, the Philippines is at the frontline of a new global cooperation seeking to reduce economic vulnerabilities due to natural catastrophes.

Every year, fire accidents greatly affect people in the blighted area, forcing them  to live in streets and resorting into petty crimes that affects the economy and tourism in Metro Manila.

People from the middle class suffers from dripping air condition trains to the lack of additional train solution in the railway system, contributing to the great traffic jam and congestion all around Metro Manila.

540,000 commuters per day suffer the consequences of mishandled government funds, poor train systems, and time-wasting lines waiting for an uncrowded train to arrive or to buy tickets.

At least Sundays are forgiving.


With the worsening air quality in Metro Manila, commuters who get stuck on the road wait for hours and endure long lines to catch a ride in public transportation are exposed to various kinds of pollutants, making them highly vulnerable to developing respiratory disease and cardiovascular illnesses. Vehicle emission is the number one cause of this dark layer covering the Metro, planting future problems in the society.
This is a part of Pasig River in 2016. Congested  water ways are caused by the blighted area while people are uneducated about the things that will happen resulting in this unlivable environment.

All in the capital believed that around 105,000 of the 580,000 immigrants in the capital are forced to set up a home in disaster prone areas. Despite the government investing in housing projects for the homeless, they tend to build makeshift homes and leave their homes to have a renting business for their family.

Reports have named the Philippines as Asia’s fastest growing economy, however the housing shortage is still a big problem for many of the capital’s poorest communities.

Slum areas are one best disease cultivating areas in Metro Manila, resulting in poor sanitary conditions and plague-ridden children, harboring the infection across the area.


It is Asia’s fastest-growing economy, but tragically many who live there are being left far behind in abject poverty. Despite everything, a smile is carved out of all the chaos.


President Duterte earlier said that he will not let informal settlers remain homeless by demolitions until there are proper relocation sites for them. Families living in private land still fear eviction if they do not purchase the land where their homes stand. Housing chief Vice President Leni Robredo said that she plans to address the 1.4-million public housing backlog by building houses in the city in partnership with private sectors.


Right now, we have the MRT, LRT, LRT2, and MRT7. Maybe we will need three or four more lines, and the Philippine National Railways (PNR) modernized. This will hit 7% of the country’s GDP because for a long time, investments in public infrastructure have been neglected.


Exceeding market expectations, the Philippine economy grew by 6.9% in the first quarter of 2016. For the rest of President Duterte’s term, his economic team expects economic growth to reach 7%-8% annually until 2022.